May 31, 2018
There Aren’t Shortcuts to Becoming an Expert
Whether you want to become a better interviewer for your transition, improve at giving a persuasive presentation to a client, sharpen your ability to analyze data to solve a problem, or provide constructive feedback to one of your team members, significant improvement will not come easily or quickly. According to Anders Eriksson, a psychologist at Florida State University and an expert in experts, you need significant experience in your desired skill over time and conduct deliberate practice with it. Ericsson has written several scholarly articles on the topic of expertise and you can find a good synopsis of them in a Harvard Business Review article. He also wrote a more easily understandable book for the masses called, Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise.
Malcom Gladwell drew from Ericsson’s studies for his book, Outliers, when he wrote that experts practice about 10,000 hours in a specific domain before achieving their peak level of performance. Unfortunately, Gladwell oversimplified this concept and made it seem all one needed to do was practice. Gladwell left out the most important part – deliberate practice. Practice does not make perfect. Deliberate practice does.
What are the requirements for deliberate practice?
- Practice focused on a specific skill.
- Stretching your capabilities. Ericsson uses figure skaters to demonstrate this point. Good figure skaters devote more practice time to jumps they have already mastered, whereas elite figure skaters spend significantly more time on jumps they have not yet mastered and are just outside their expertise.
- Intense concentration.
- Several hours of practice a day, most days of the week.
- A coach or teacher to provide critical feedback.
This type of practice is not easy. When I read about Ericsson’s findings, I thought, “This sounds great for piano players, chess players and athletes, but I have to work and produce results. I do not have time practice.” He addresses my concern in Chapter 5 of Peak. Here are 5 suggestions for deliberate practice at work:
- Do not go through the motions. Ericsson actually found that once you fall into a routine you will regress. Concentrate to do your best.
- Seek out challenging assignments. Step outside of your comfort zone.
- Be open to feedback, and if you are not getting it, go ask for it. You can be direct and ask or even use a survey.
- Find some time to practice. In my opinion, we spend too much time just producing. An hour a month will not reduce your production. Ericsson provides several tips in Chapter 5 of Peak on ways you can practice.
If you want to develop your expertise, just gaining the knowledge is not enough. You need to put that knowledge into deliberate practice. Then, you will begin to experience marked performance improvement.
June 25, 2019
Self-Awareness Tips for Successful Leadership
Self-awareness is more important than one might think. “How do you plan on using your leadership coaching education?” This question was recently posed to me by the CEO of an executive search and leadership consulting firm. We met while I was taking classes at Northwestern University for a Leadership Coaching Certificate. I explained to her … Continue reading “Career Tips”
March 6, 2019
The Secret to Career Success? Be Useful.
The definition for career success seems subjective and elusive. What one defines as success may be totally different for another. In fact, what one defines as a career success in his or her twenties is very different from what he or she might define in his or her forties or beyond. Is a successful career … Continue reading “Career Tips”
December 3, 2018
When Setting Goals, Lead With Growth
As leaders we have to set goals for ourselves and for those we lead. In my February 2018 Career Tip, I wrote how goals keep a team engaged and focused. In this Career Tip, I acknowledge the power of goals, and I also want to address when goals get out of balance. I believe goals … Continue reading “Career Tips”
September 4, 2018
On Leading Change During A Company Transformation
The fastest an aircraft carrier can make U-turn is in approximately 3 minutes. At this aggressive rate, unsecured equipment and people on deck will roll into the sea. A small speedboat can make a U-turn in a matter of seconds and, while passengers and equipment might tilt to the side, they will remain in place. … Continue reading “Career Tips”